· Space out practice
By ‘spacing’ training activities out over time, (1-2 hours every other day, or at least once per week versus 8-hour marathon cramming sessions) you will be able to learn more information and retain it longer
Spacing helps when learning a skill because it allows the learner to spread out their study and practice over a longer period of time, instead of trying to learn everything in a single session. This approach has been shown to be more effective than massed practice, where all the study and practice is done in a single session.
There are several reasons why spacing is beneficial when learning a skill:
• Enhanced understanding: By revisiting the material over time, the learner can build a deeper understanding of the skill and identify areas where they may need further improvement.
• Avoidance of overloading: Spacing helps to avoid cognitive overload by breaking down the learning into smaller, manageable chunks, which can make the learning process less overwhelming and more effective.
• Better transfer: Spacing also helps to promote transfer of learning, as it allows the learner to apply what they have learned to real-world situations and contexts, which can help to consolidate their understanding of the skill. Overall, spacing is an effective approach to learning skills as it allows the learner to take a more gradual and structured approach, which can help to promote better retention, understanding, and transfer.
· Challenge must exist
-If it doesn’t challenge you, it doesn’t change you
· Obstacles help us deal with error in the environment
-Practice must occur in less-than-perfect environments
· Randomize the skills
-A variety of potential scenarios rather than predictable, specific situations
-Practice looks worse but performance is better
· Exceptions exist with the very new or if prior to a precise performance